If you usually ring in the holiday with a freshly cut evergreen, your reality this Christmas could very well be a scrawny Charlie Brown tree instead — or you may wind up paying more for a lush Fraser fir.
This year, there is a tree shortage. Most growers blame the tightened supply on the Great Recession, says Valerie Bauerlein, who covered the story for The Wall Street Journal.
A decade ago, "we were in a global economic malaise," Bauerlein tells NPR's Michel Martin. "And Christmas tree growers couldn't sell the trees that they had cut, and for the price that they had in them, so then they planted less."
Christmas trees, as magical as they might seem, are still an agricultural crop. "Trees grow about a foot a year," Bauerlein says. "So eight, 10 years later, there's a shortage. There's more demand [now] because the economy's prospering. And there are fewer trees to meet that demand." The total acreage in production has dropped at least 30 percent since the early 2000s, she says.
Even if you've seen plenty of trees in lots or in cut-your-own tree farms around your area this season, you'll likely be paying more the farther you live from the biggest tree-producing states. Oregon and North Carolina now face reduced selection and higher prices, Bauerlein says.
There is also been a movement of growers exiting the business. In recent years, "you also saw a lot of dropout of growers themselves, especially smaller growers, in western North Carolina — one of the main producers" of trees, Bauerlein says. "You're also seeing fewer growers and [less] acreage in Oregon, which is the biggest producer; they account for about 30 percent of the market." A lot of growers in Oregon are turning to grapes for wine and, a smaller number, to cannabis amid the booming marijuana industry, she says.
The cost of a Christmas tree has more than doubled since 2008, according to data from the National Christmas Tree Association; last year, the average retail value for a fresh-cut tree was $74.70.
This year, Bauerlein says, "it's the high-end trees that are really coveted: The Fraser firs out of Oregon that are tougher to find, especially at the height of 8 feet or above."
If this crop complication is dimming your holiday spirits, you can still break out some pine-scented candles, opt for an artificial tree — or jump on an Instagram-friendly trend to get the pine without the needles: Particularly in apartments and smaller spaces, some people have taken to decorating pineapples.
Lawrence Wu and Natalie Winston produced and edited the audio of this story.
MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:
Now I need to warn you that this next story is a slight bummer if you celebrate Christmas and you happen to celebrate with a freshly-cut evergreen. It turns out that you might be getting a Charlie Brown tree this year - you know, that sparse and limp thing that Charlie rescued?
(SOUNDBITE OF FILM, "A CHARLIE BROWN CHRISTMAS")
KAREN MENDELSON: (As Patty) What kind of a tree is that?
TRACY STRATFORD: (As Lucy Van Pelt) You were supposed to get a good tree. Can't you even tell a good true from a poor tree?
MARTIN: Or you're going to wind up paying a bit more. That's because there is a Christmas tree shortage. Here to tell us about all of this is Valerie Bauerlein. She is a reporter at The Wall Street Journal, and she looked into all of this. Hi, Valerie.
VALERIE BAUERLEIN: Hi, Michel.
MARTIN: So at first when I read your story, I thought, what is she talking about? I see trees everywhere. Every Boy Scout on the city is selling a tree. But you tell us there really is a shortage.
BAUERLEIN: There really is a shortage. And the economic definition of a shortage is that there's a lack and that it has affected the supply. So there are trees on lots. You go around town, like you said, and you'll see plenty in D.C. and in New York and some places like that. But the further you get from the tree-producing states, which are Oregon and North Carolina, the less selection you have, the higher price you pay, and the more likely it is that your Boy Scout lot or your church lot that you've gone to for a number of years - it's probably running out by now.
MARTIN: And why is that?
BAUERLEIN: You know, it's funny. You have to remember that Christmas trees are an agricultural crop, so they go in cycles. Trees grow a foot a year. I want an eight-foot tree. What was happening eight years ago? We were in a global economic malaise, and Christmas tree growers couldn't sell the trees that they had cut and - for the price that they had in them. So then, they planted less. So eight, 10 years later, there's a shortage. There's more demand because the economy is prospering, and there are fewer trees to meet that demand.
MARTIN: How big of a decline, say, in acreage under production have we seen over, say, the last decade?
BAUERLEIN: Sure, it's acreage in production has dropped about 30 percent since the early 2000s - maybe a little bit more. And you're also seeing - you saw a lot of drop-out of growers themselves, especially smaller growers in western North Carolina, one of the main producers of crops. And you know, it's funny. You're also seeing fewer growers and fewer acreage in Oregon, which is the biggest producer. They account for about 30 percent of the market. And you know, a lot of growers in Oregon have gone to grapes. The wine industry is really booming. And then, also, growers there - a smaller number - have gone to cannabis and medical marijuana since it has become legal in some western states.
MARTIN: So are all types of trees affected equally - Douglas fir, Scotch pine? If you happen to have a preference, are you more or less likely to be disappointed?
BAUERLEIN: It's the high-end trees that are really coveted - the Fraser firs, you know, the firs out of Oregon that are tougher to find, especially at the height of eight feet or above. That's where the real pressure point is.
MARTIN: OK, Valerie, you know I'm going to put you on the spot now.
MARTIN: Have you gotten your tree, or do you have one of those, like, white aluminum things?
BAUERLEIN: (Laughter) You know, as a Wall Street Journal reporter, I'm not sure I'm allowed to venture an opinion on this.
BAUERLEIN: I will say that I did get a live tree. I did pay about 10 percent more than last year, which was what was expected. And I did talk with the folks at the lot that I went to and have, you know, a number of friends on Facebook and elsewhere who have said, you know, it's a tight market this year.
MARTIN: That's Valerie Bauerlein. She's a reporter at The Wall Street Journal. She joins us from WUNC in Chapel Hill. Valerie, thanks so much for speaking with us.
BAUERLEIN: Thanks so much for having me.
MARTIN: I think I better go get my tree.
(SOUNDBITE OF VINCE GUARALDI'S SONG "CHRISTMAS TIME IS HERE") Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.