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Jan. 6 Committee: A record for history and 'roadmap to justice'

Final hearing of January 6 Commit
J. Scott Applewhite
A video of former President Donald Trump is shown on a screen, as the House select committee investigating the Jan. 6 attack on the U.S. Capitol holds its final meeting on Capitol Hill in Washington, Monday, Dec. 19, 2022. From left to right, Rep. Stephanie Murphy, D-Fla., Rep. Pete Aguilar, D-Calif., Rep. Adam Schiff, D-Calif., Rep. Zoe Lofgren, D-Calif., Chairman Bennie Thompson, D-Miss., Vice Chair Liz Cheney, R-Wyo., Rep. Adam Kinzinger, R-Ill., Rep. Jamie Raskin, D-Md., and Rep. Elaine Luria, D-Va. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

The Jan. 6 committee set out to compile a public record for history of the 2021 attack on the U.S. Capitol, but its final report has become so much more — a "roadmap to justice," as Americans come to terms with Donald Trump's efforts to overturn the 2020 presidential election.

The panel unanimously made four criminal referrals Monday against Trump for his role in the “multi-part conspiracy,” sending its recommendations to the Justice Department, which is already conducting its own probe.

In adopting its final report, the panel also recommended a congressional ethics investigations for House Republican Leader Kevin McCarthy and other members of Congress for their actions in defying congressional subpoenas for information about their interactions with Trump before, during and after the bloody siege.

“The committee is nearing the end of its work, but as a country we remain in strange and uncharted waters,” said Chairman Bennie Thompson, D-Miss. “Nearly two years later this is still a time of reflection and reckoning.”

He said, “We have every confidence that the work of this committee will help provide a roadmap to justice.”


Over its 18-month investigation, the panel laid out evidence that the Jan. 6 attack at the Capitol was not a spontaneous rally, but an orchestrated “scheme” by Trump to try to overturn the 2020 election he lost to Joe Biden.

Trump urged supporters to come to Washington for a “big rally” Jan. 6. He whipped up supporters in a rally at the White House. Knowing that some were armed, he sent the mob to the Capitol and “fight like hell” for his presidency. He tried to join them on Capitol Hill to stop Congress from tallying the votes.

“The central cause of January 6th was one man, former President Donald Trump, who many others followed. None of the events of January 6th would have happened without him,” the panel said in its report.

Said Rep. Adam Schiff, D-Calif., “Those responsible must be held accountable.”


More than 800 people have been charged in the attack on the Capitol, and the panel showed that many of them were hanging on Trump’s every word in the weeks after the November election.

Along with militant Oath Keepers and Proud Boys, many other Americans stormed the Capitol that day. One said he wanted to “do my part to stop the steal and stand behind Trump.” Others detailed how the fighting only subsided once Trump tweeted hours later they should go home.

In unveiling its decision to make criminal referrals to the Justice Department, the panel indicated the importance of holding Trump and those around him responsible.

“Ours is not a system of justice where foot soldiers go to jail and the masterminds and ringleaders get a pass,” said Rep. Jamie Raskin, D-Md., a constitutional scholar who played a lead role in drafting the documents.

The Department of Justice has appointed a special prosecutor to investigate Trump's role in the Capitol attack, and the former president's efforts to upend the election results in Georgia are being probed by prosecutors in the state.

Still, the criminal referrals of a former president are rare, and grave. The panel quieted for a solemn roll call vote as each committee member agreed to adopt the final report and its findings.

“We understand the gravity of each and every referral we are making today, just as we understand the magnitude of the crime against democracy," Raskin said.


Rather than bring the country together, the events of Jan. 6 continue to divide the Congress and the country.

The committee was born from division, established by Democrats after Republicans in Congress blocked the formation of a 9/11-style independent commission that could probe the Capitol attack and make recommendations.

The panel's purpose was to investigate and report on the “facts, circumstances, and causes” of the 2021 attack on the U.S. Capitol — a public record for history.

But after 18 months and 10 public hearings, the panel knows it still has work to do reaching all Americans in a country often riven by partisanship.

“We understood that millions of Americans still lack the information necessary to understand and evaluate what President Trump has told them about the election,” the report said.

“For that reason, our hearings featured a number of members of President Trump’s inner circle refuting his fraud claims and testifying that the election was not in fact stolen.”

The committee interviewed more than 1,000 witnesses, and noted much of the public testimony came from some four dozen Republicans — including Trump’s former attorneys general and other top White House officials.

The Associated Press
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