After Pittsburgh Shooting, Jewish Congregations Vow To Keep Helping Refugees

Dec 27, 2018
Originally published on December 27, 2018 2:48 pm

Temple Rodef Shalom in Falls Church, Va., is one of many Jewish congregations across the country that have been helping to resettle refugees in America.

Three years ago, its members agreed to sponsor a Muslim refugee — a single mother named Tilko who fled Iraq with her children and who was originally brought to this country by a Christian charity.

Tilko asked not to be identified by her full name because she fears for her safety.

The petite, soft-spoken woman said that back in Iraq, people didn't talk much about Jews. "But whatever little I heard was all negative," she says, sitting on a sofa in the living room of a congregation member recently, recalling the sorts of things people in her native country would say about Jews: "They are bad. They're mean. They are not helpful."

So when she arrived in this country and met the Jews who had volunteered to help her begin a new life, it erased all of her preconceptions.

"I was just taken aback," Tilko says. "For a second, like wow! The way they greeted me with the love and the respect, the way they just embraced me."

Tilko, a refugee from Iraq (at center with her back to the camera), at a Hanukkah celebration on Dec. 4 with the Jewish volunteers who helped her resettle in America.
Jerome Socolovsky / NPR

"I realized it was all lies, what they said about Jews," she says.

Over the holidays, Tilko got together with the people who, over the past three years, had helped her rent an apartment, get a green card and find a job.

A biblical mandate

For Jews across America, volunteering in this way is about following the Torah's injunction in Leviticus 19:34 to remember that their ancestors, the ancient Israelites, were strangers in Egypt and so they must treat the stranger equally and "love him as yourself."

Certainly no one at Rodef Shalom thought doing that could be controversial, let alone dangerous.

But then two months ago, on Oct. 27, as Sabbath prayers were getting underway at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh, a gunman killed 11 people.

Everybody who comes to America deserves the same opportunities that our ancestors had. - Temple Rodef Shalom member and volunteer Susan Levy

The previous weekend, that congregation had participated in a "National Refugee Shabbat" sponsored by the Jewish aid group HIAS, which resettles people fleeing Syria and other trouble spots.

On social media just hours before the shooting, the suspect had written that he was targeting that particular congregation because of its affiliation with HIAS, which he said "likes to bring invaders in that kill our people."

"That statement really hurt," says Rodef Shalom volunteer Susan Levy.

It's important to her to help refugees "no matter what background they come with," says Levy. "Everybody who comes to America deserves the same opportunities that our ancestors had."

Levy says America welcomed her own grandmother when she fled pogroms in Russia, so after Tilko arrived in this country, she helped her get settled here by accompanying her to job interviews. "I have a background in HR so I knew the language to speak," she says.

Volunteers from the synagogue made all the difference when they helped the children with their homework, says Tilko's 15-year-old son, Yahya. "When we came here first our math was very bad, and they helped us. Now we have an A in math and our grades are very good."

Helene Lederer also helped the family with paperwork. Her own children are grown now, so she was able to help the family navigate school administrative matters and fill out other forms.

To her, aiding the stranger is a fundamental part of being Jewish, and no amount of anti-Semitism will change that. "They can hate us for that if they want," she says. "But that is who we are."

After the synagogue helped Tilko and her family settle in Northern Virginia, Muslims from a local mosque were introduced to the refugee family, says Lederer. And after the Pittsburgh shooting, members of that same mosque came to a vigil at Temple Rodef Shalom to stand with Jews against anti-Semitism.

To the volunteers, that gesture was a blessing — brought forth by this congregation's effort to "love the stranger as yourself."

: 12/27/18

A previous version of this story incorrectly spelled a reference to Susan Levy's last name as Levie.

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DAVID GREENE, HOST:

Two months ago today, a gunman opened fire at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh, Pa. Eleven worshippers were killed in that attack. The gunman is now facing 29 federal charges. He allegedly chose the synagogue as a target because it supported a program sponsored by a Jewish aid group to resettle refugees in America. NPR's Jerome Socolovsky visited another congregation in Falls Church, Va., which sponsors a Muslim refugee from Iraq.

JEROME SOCOLOVSKY, BYLINE: Temple Rodef Shalom is one of dozens of Jewish congregations across the country that have been helping to resettle refugees. Three years ago, its members agreed to sponsor a single mother who fled northern Iraq with her children and was originally brought to America by a Christian charity. Tilko asks not to be identified by her full name because she fears for her safety. She says that back in Iraq, she didn't know much about Jews.

TILKO: (Through interpreter) Whatever little I heard was all negative - Jews kill others just for no reason; they are bad; they're mean; they are not helpful.

SOCOLOVSKY: And then she met the Jews who had volunteered to help her begin a new life in America.

TILKO: (Through interpreter) I was just taken aback. For a second, I was like, wow. Like, the way they greeted me with the love and the respect, the way they just embraced me.

SOCOLOVSKY: And it was so unexpected that it wiped away all her preconceptions.

TILKO: (Through interpreter) I realized it was all lies, what they've said about Jews.

UNIDENTIFIED PEOPLE: (Singing in Hebrew).

SOCOLOVSKY: Over the holidays, Tilko got together with congregation members who helped her rent an apartment, get a green card and find a job. For Jews across America volunteering in this way, it's about following the injunction in the Torah to love the stranger as yourself. Certainly, no one at Rodef Shalom thought of it as controversial, let alone dangerous. But then, on October 27, a gunman walked into the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh and killed 11 people. That congregation supported the Jewish aid group HIAS, which resettles people fleeing Syria and other trouble spots. And the shooting suspect said that's why he targeted the synagogue.

SUSAN LEVY: That statement really hurt...

SOCOLOVSKY: Volunteer Susan Levy (ph).

LEVY: ...Because that's exactly the kind of work that we've been doing. And of course we help Muslims because we help those who need help. And that's really what it is. No matter what background they come with, everybody that comes to America deserves the same opportunities that our ancestors had.

SOCOLOVSKY: Levy says America welcomed her own grandmother when she fled pogroms in Russia, so she helped Tilko get settled here by accompanying her to job interviews.

LEVY: I have a background in HR, so I knew the language to speak.

SOCOLOVSKY: The volunteers cheering on Tilko's children at a game were not so long ago helping them with their homework. Fifteen-year-old Yahya says it made all the difference at school.

YAHYA: When we came here first, our math was very bad. And they help us. Now we have A on math, and our grades are very good.

SOCOLOVSKY: Someone who helped the family with school paperwork is Helene Lederer. To her, aiding the stranger is a fundamental part of being Jewish, and no anti-Semitic attack can change that.

HELENE LEDERER: That is who we are. And so they can hate us for that if they want, but that is who we are.

SOCOLOVSKY: After the synagogue helped Tilko and her family settle in Northern Virginia, Lederer says Muslims from a local mosque were introduced to the refugee family. And after the Pittsburgh shooting, members of that same mosque came to a vigil here at Temple Rodef Shalom to stand with Jews against anti-Semitism. To the volunteers, that gesture was a blessing brought forth by this congregation's effort to love the stranger as yourself.

Jerome Socolovsky, NPR News.

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