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Florida Unveils New Statewide Sea Rise Mapping Tool

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Emily Michot
/
Miami Herald
A new state law that takes effect July 1 will require projects using state money to conduct studies tallying the potential damage and costs of future sea rise. As part of the law, the state on Tuesday unveiled a new sea rise mapping tool.

The tool is part of a new law taking effect July 1 that calls for projects using state money to conduct studies on damage and costs tied to sea rise. Critics say the law falls short by not requiring fixes.

This post has been updated.

Florida environmental regulators say they are creating the state’s first uniform sea rise level projections as part of a new law to better prepare coastal projects paid for with state money.

A draft version of the new mapping tool was unveiled Tuesday as part of a workshop on rules to implement the law.

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The tool incorporates projections from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, already widely used in South Florida, and expands them all along Florida’s oceanfront coast. It does not include rivers, canals or many bays already hit by tidal flooding.

“This will be the first time that we get to establish a uniform signal across the state of what sea level rise projections should be,” said Florida Department of Environmental Protection Secretary Noah Valentstein. “It's really a strong state signal that we're taking the impacts of climate change seriously.”

State officials have been working since August with Jacksonville-based Taylor Engineering to have the tool ready by July 1, when the law is scheduled to take effect.

But critics say the tool and the law, first introduced by former state Sen. Jose Javier Rodriguez, lacks the potency to address building along vulnerable coasts that Rodriguez originally proposed.

The final version says projects that use state money need to conduct a sea rise study to calculate future damage and costs from flooding. The study must also include solutions to lessen threats and damage costs. But it removed a section calling for penalties if no study was done, allowing the state to ask a judge to shut down the project and recover state money.

“When former Sen. Rodriguez introduced the bill originally it did have language to compel enforcement,” said Sierra Club representative Diana Umpierre.

The law, according to FDEP’s presentation Tuesday, leaves implementing findings to the “discretion” of those building the projects.

The proposed rules also only require the study by the time construction starts, not when a design is finalized. Critics say that undermines the intent of the law.

With a deadline before designs are complete, “they can see likely scenarios and still have an opportunity to be able to adjust design, construction and permitting in advance,” Elizabeth Fata Carpenter, an attorney with the Everglades Law Center, said during Tuesday’s briefing.

With so much of the state facing increasing damage from sea rise driven by climate change, Umpierre said the state needs to take a more forceful position on coastal development. She added that a Jan. 26 deadline to submit public comment on the draft rules for implementing the law is too short.

“I have real concerns about this being only an educational awareness tool,” Umpierre said. “Hell, how much more education and awareness do we need that sea level rise is real?”

The state plans to have a second public workshop in February.

An earlier version of this story incorrectly summarized the original bill. The bill called for penalties for completing a study, not failing to implement measures to reduce flood damages.