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Debate Continues Over Local Plastic Bans Across Florida

By 2050, the plastic in the world's oceans is expected to outweigh the fish, according to the World Economic Forum.

From toothbrushes, to water bottles, to straws, plastics are a part of everyday life. And yet the damage they cause to oceans and wildlife is well established. 

In recent years, cities across South Florida have implemented policies that ban certain plastic products. Delray Beach, Coral Gables and Fort Lauderdale are among the South Florida cities that have passed legislation to ban plastic straws and bags. But now, state Senator Travis Hutson, a Republican, is seeking to pass a bill that would place a moratorium of five years on local governments interested in banning plastic straws. According to Hutson, more research needs to be conducted.

WLRN Sundial recently asked listeners: Are you trying to live a plastic-free life? What changes have you made to accomplish living without plastics?

Among the responses: 

"I recycle everything I can! Pick up Styrofoam and plastic and trash every day on the streets." - Mari from Fort Lauderdale

"Yes, I recycle our home's paper and plastic. I don't litter so it doesn't end up in our water. I use paper bags for groceries whenever possible, and avoid buying unnecessary plastic." - Maritza Martinez from Cutler Bay

And Diana Umpierre said:  

Coral Gables Vice Mayor Vince Lago led the plastic and styrofoam ban for his city. He joined local environmental activist Andrew Otazo on Sundial; Otazo's been leading volunteer groups for plastic trash clean-ups in Biscayne Bay. They discussed the policies being put in place by local governments to reduce plastic pollution and the realities of trying to live plastic-free.

This has been edited lightly for clarity.  

WLRN: Mr. Lago, in order to get plastics out of our lives, should we depend on the government or should that be a personal responsibility?

LAGO: We needed to take a drastic measure. I think that we should be able to engage the residents and legislate on behalf of those residents. I think sometimes in government we need to take measures that will leave a lasting effect like we're having currently with the plastic bags and polystyrene.

Andrew, should it be just a personal responsibility or should we have cities like Coral Gables?

OTAZO: It's a multipronged approach that you need to take but it needs to include everything. You yourself go into the beach and not throwing your trash in the ocean, not going to Publix and double bagging or buying recyclable materials at the very least and actually then recycling it. But also at the city level, municipal level, county level and state level ... also bringing in local businesses. I've picked up, to date, three and a half tons of almost exclusively plastics from the mangroves.

What got you into [picking up trash from mangroves]?

You can talk about it at an academic level that we have this massive problem in South Florida, plastics washing ashore, whether it be in the mangroves or other shorelines, but I saw it and I would go in there and it was just breathtaking and you'd look around and every square foot had trash on it.

Mr. Lago, now there are a couple of bills in Tallahassee ... to ban the bans. They don't want the home-rule. What are your thoughts on these bills and have you talked to anybody in Tallahassee about this?

LAGO: No I haven't had the pleasure of talking to them, but I think it's absolutely ridiculous. It's our responsibility on a daily basis to deal with our residents, not the individuals that are in Tallahassee. We are responsible and we are on the ground. I am talking to the residents every single day who are telling me that this is an exceptional idea.

Let me give you an example, the ban needed to happen because we were being bullied by lobbyists and state officials who are not willing to take a step forward in cleaning up our beaches. What we're doing is we're incentivizing it via tax reductions to the businesses, but we don't even need to do that because they're seeing a progression as residents.

Some businesses like restaurants and the food industry depend on plastics. Did you get any pushback at all?

LAGO: We were not heavy handed. We gave everyone one year to use their existing stock. So it wasn't from one day to the next.

Luis Hernandez is an award-winning journalist and host whose career spans three decades in cities across the U.S. He’s the host of WLRN’s newest daily talk show, Sundial (Mon-Thu), and the news anchor every afternoon during All Things Considered.
Chris knew he wanted to work in public radio beginning in middle school, as WHYY played in his car rides to and from school in New Jersey. He’s freelanced for All Things Considered and was a desk associate for CBS Radio News in New York City. Most recently, he was producing for Capital Public Radio’s Insight booking guests, conducting research and leading special projects at Sacramento’s NPR affiliate.